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Simultaneous optical and radar observations of poleward moving auroral forms under different IMF conditions

【标题】Simultaneous optical and radar observations of poleward moving auroral forms under different IMF conditions

【Title】Simultaneous optical and radar observations of poleward moving auroral forms under different IMF conditions

【作者】 邢赞扬; 杨惠根; 韩德胜; 刘俊明; 胡泽骏; 张清和; 刘勇华; 张北辰; 胡红桥

【Author】 Xing Zanyang ; Yang Huigen ; Han Desheng ; Liu Junming ; Hu Zejun ; Zhang Qinghe ; Liu Yonghua ; Zhang Beichen ; Hu Hongqiao

【期刊】极地研究

【Journal】Advances in Polar Science

【期刊年份】2012

【卷】23

【期】4

【关键词】 PMAFs, polar ionosphere, reconnection

【Keywords】 PMAFs, polar ionosphere, reconnection

【摘要】Using high temporal resolution optical data obtained from three-wavelength all-sky imagers at Chinese Yellow River Station in the Arctic, together with the EISCAT Svalbard radar (ESR) and SuperDARN radars, we investigated the dayside poleward moving auroral forms (PMAFs) and the associated plasma features in the polar ionosphere under different interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions, between 0900 and 1010 UT on 22 December 2003. Simultaneous optical and ESR observations revealed that all PMAFs were clearly associated with pulsed particle precipitations. During northward IMF, particles can precipitate into lower altitudes and reach the ionospheric E-region, and there is a reverse convection cell associated with these PMAFs. This cell is one of the typical signatures of the dayside high-latitude (lobe) reconnection in the polar ionosphere. These results indicate that the PMAFs were associated with the high-latitude reconnection. During southward IMF, the PMAFs show larger latitudinal motion, indicating a longer mean lifetime, and the associated ionospheric features indicate that the PMAFs were generated by the dayside low-latitude reconnection.

【Abstract】Using high temporal resolution optical data obtained from three-wavelength all-sky imagers at Chinese Yellow River Station in the Arctic, together with the EISCAT Svalbard radar (ESR) and SuperDARN radars, we investigated the dayside poleward moving auroral forms (PMAFs) and the associated plasma features in the polar ionosphere under different interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions, between 0900 and 1010 UT on 22 December 2003. Simultaneous optical and ESR observations revealed that all PMAFs were clearly associated with pulsed particle precipitations. During northward IMF, particles can precipitate into lower altitudes and reach the ionospheric E-region, and there is a reverse convection cell associated with these PMAFs. This cell is one of the typical signatures of the dayside high-latitude (lobe) reconnection in the polar ionosphere. These results indicate that the PMAFs were associated with the high-latitude reconnection. During southward IMF, the PMAFs show larger latitudinal motion, indicating a longer mean lifetime, and the associated ionospheric features indicate that the PMAFs were generated by the dayside low-latitude reconnection.

【基金/项目】

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