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Evaluation of reanalysis and satellite-based sea surface winds using in situ measurements from Chinese Antarctic Expeditions

【标题】Evaluation of reanalysis and satellite-based sea surface winds using in situ measurements from Chinese Antarctic Expeditions

【Title】Evaluation of reanalysis and satellite-based sea surface winds using in situ measurements from Chinese Antarctic Expeditions

【DOI】10.3724/SP.J.1085.2013.00147

【作者】 李明; 杨清华; 赵杰臣; 张林; 李春花; 孟上

【Author】 Li Ming ; Yang Qinghua ; Zhao Jiechen ; Zhang Lin ; Li Chunhua ; Meng Shang

【期刊】极地研究

【Journal】ADVANCES IN POLAR SCIENCE

【期刊年份】2013

【卷】24

【期】3

【关键词】 Sea surface winds; NCEP-2; ERA-40; QuikSCAT; NCDC blended sea winds; Southern Ocean

【Keywords】 Sea surface winds; NCEP-2; ERA-40; QuikSCAT; NCDC blended sea winds; Southern Ocean

【摘要】 Sea surface winds from reanalysis (NCEP-2 and ERA-40 datasets) and satellite-based products (QuikSCAT and NCDC blended sea winds) are evaluated using in situ ship measurements from the Chinese National Antarctic Research Expeditions (CHINAREs) from 1989 through 2006, with emphasis on the Southern Ocean (south of 45°S). Compared with ship observations, the reanalysis winds have a positive mean bias (0.32 m?s-1 for NCEP-2 and 0.13 m?s-1 for ERA-40), and this bias is more pronounced in the Southern Ocean (0.57 m?s-1 and 0.45 m?s-1, respectively). However, mean biases are negative in the tropics and subtropics. The satellite-based winds also show positive mean biases, larger than those of the reanalysis data. All four wind products overestimate ship wind speed for weak winds (<4 m?s-1) but underestimate for strong winds (>10 m?s-1). Differences between the reanalysis and satellite winds are examined to identify regions with large discrepancies.

【Abstract】 Sea surface winds from reanalysis (NCEP-2 and ERA-40 datasets) and satellite-based products (QuikSCAT and NCDC blended sea winds) are evaluated using in situ ship measurements from the Chinese National Antarctic Research Expeditions (CHINAREs) from 1989 through 2006, with emphasis on the Southern Ocean (south of 45°S). Compared with ship observations, the reanalysis winds have a positive mean bias (0.32 m?s-1 for NCEP-2 and 0.13 m?s-1 for ERA-40), and this bias is more pronounced in the Southern Ocean (0.57 m?s-1 and 0.45 m?s-1, respectively). However, mean biases are negative in the tropics and subtropics. The satellite-based winds also show positive mean biases, larger than those of the reanalysis data. All four wind products overestimate ship wind speed for weak winds (<4 m?s-1) but underestimate for strong winds (>10 m?s-1). Differences between the reanalysis and satellite winds are examined to identify regions with large discrepancies.

【基金/项目】 南极普里兹湾海冰反照率观测和参数化研究 ; 南极下降风观测与数值模拟研究 ; 北极冰间水道反演和敏感性试验 ; 南极环境综合分析与评价

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