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南极旅游业的发展与中国应采取的对策的思考

【标题】南极旅游业的发展与中国应采取的对策的思考

【Title】Study on the development of Antarctic tourism and the countermeasures China should take

【作者】 陈丹红

【Author】

【期刊】极地研究

【Journal】

【期刊年份】2012

【卷】Vol. 24

【期】

【关键词】 南极旅游; 发展趋势; 对策建议

【Keywords】 Antarctic tourism; development trends; countermeasures and suggestions

【摘要】南极旅游是人类和平利用南极的方式之一。南极旅游始于上世纪五十年代末。在此后的半个多世纪中,南极旅游呈稳步发展趋势,游客人数明显上升,游览路线日渐成熟,交通方式逐步固化,多国经营者合作模式不断完善。与此同时,《南极条约》体系对南极旅游的环保规制也在不断加强。中国涉足南极旅游的时间较短,目前每年只有二三百人员赴南极旅游。鉴于南极旅游有利于提高人们欣赏自然景观、提高环保意识,有利于增进国际文化交流与环保合作,有利于促进产业结构的调整和优化,因此,建议中国加强对南极旅游问题的研究,尽快制订相应的法律法规,使南极旅游的开展与管理有法可依,有序进行;加快对国际规则的熟悉,加快与国际惯例的接轨;按照商业的发展规律去推动南极旅游业。

【Abstract】Antarctic tourism is one of the methods of peaceful use of Antarctica by human being. It was started at the end of 1950s. For the past fifty years since then, Antarctic tourism develops at a steady pace which sees a marked rise in tourist numbers, a gradual maturation in tourism route, being fixed in transportation mode, and a continuous improvement in international cooperation among the operators. Meanwhile, the legal regulation in environment protection within the framework of Antarctic Treaty System is becoming more and more comprehensive and compulsive. It’s not a long time since China has been involved in the Antarctic tourism and there are only about two or three hundred Chinese people travelling to Antarctica each year. Considering that Antarctic tourism is helpful for people to enjoy the beauty of nature and enhance the awareness of environmental protection and is beneficial to promote international culture communication and environment protection cooperation and will favour the restructuring and optimization of industrial structure in China, therefore, it is suggested that China should strengthen the study on Antarctic tourism, legislate accordingly for the operation and management of Antarctic tourism to follow rules and regulations and progress orderly, speed up familiarizing the international regulations and bringing in line with international practice, and Antarctic tourism should also be pushed forward in consideration of commercial rules.

【基金/项目】

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