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南极中山站极区空间环境观测系统

【标题】南极中山站极区空间环境观测系统

【Title】The polar space environment observation system at Zhongshan Station, Antarctica

【作者】 黄德宏; 胡红桥; 刘瑞源; 杨惠根; 胡泽骏; 刘建军; 何昉; 刘勇华; 韩德胜

【Author】 Huang Dehong,Hu Hongqiao,Liu Ruiyuan,Yang Huigen,Zhang Beichen,Hu Zejun,Liu Yonghua,Han Desheng ;

【期刊】极地研究

【Journal】

【期刊年份】2016

【卷】28

【期】1

【关键词】 极区')" href="#">极区; 空间环境')" href="#">空间环境; 南极')" href="#">南极; 电离层')" href="#">电离层; 极光')" href="#">极光

【Keywords】 polar region; space environment; Antarctica; ionosphere; aurora

【摘要】 中国南极中山站位于极隙区纬度, 可以观测到丰富的日地能量传输过程的电离层征兆和极光现象, 非常适合开展极区空间环境观测研究。自1989年开始建设以来, 中山站极区空间环境观测系统经历了观测设备的不断完善和发展, 现已建立了涵盖地面极光、电离层和地磁观测多要素、多手段的自主观测体系, 实现了极区空间环境的连续监测并建立了数据库。所有观测设备的运行状态可实时监控, 地磁、宇宙噪声吸收等数据实现了准实时远程传输。最后展望我国极区空间环境观测研究的发展前景。

【Abstract】 The Zhongshan Station in Antarctica is situated in the cusp region, and the rich ionospheric signatures and auroral phenomena that can be observed there mean it is well suited for undertaking polar space environment observations. The Zhongshan Polar Space Environment observation system has been developed and the observational instrumentation has been enhanced since its construction in 1989. Currently, multiple instruments are employed in the system for research on aurora, the ionosphere and geomagnetism. The system operates continuously in observing the polar space environment, and the status of the system’s instrumentation can be monitored remotely. The geomagnetism and cosmic noise absorption data are transferred to China in near real-time and the databases are available to the public. The prospects for China’s Polar Space Environment observation system are outlined.

【基金/项目】 极地研究专项(CHINARE 2015-02-03)及国家自然科学基金(41431072)资助

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