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首页 > 中国极地考察知识库 > 成果信息库 > 已审查 阿德雷岛企鹅种群分布、繁殖行为及其环境影响因子分析

阿德雷岛企鹅种群分布、繁殖行为及其环境影响因子分析

【标题】阿德雷岛企鹅种群分布、繁殖行为及其环境影响因子分析

【Title】DISTRIBUTION AND REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR OF PENGUINS ON ARDLEY ISLAND AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT FACTORS

【作者】 孙维萍; 蔡明红; 王海燕; 邢闯; 卢冰; H.U.Peter; A.Froehlich

【Author】 Sun Weiping ; Cai Minghong ; Xing Chuang ; Lu Bing ;

【期刊】极地研究

【Journal】

【期刊年份】2010

【卷】22

【期】1

【关键词】 南极; 企鹅; 种群分布; 繁殖行为; 气候环境; 人类活动

【Keywords】 Antarctica; penguins; species distribution; breeding success; environment and climate change; human activity

【摘要】2006 /2007夏季对南极长城站地区的企鹅种群数量、分布及其繁殖行为进行了生态学调查与研究, 共记录到5种企鹅: 白眉企鹅、阿德利企鹅、纹颊企鹅、王企鹅和帝企鹅, 前3种企鹅在本地区繁殖, 后2种为本区旅鸟。阿德雷岛是本地区最重要的企鹅繁殖地, 2006 /2007南极夏季阿德雷岛上繁殖的企鹅约为9724只, 繁殖期后的企鹅总数约为17220只, 繁殖成功率为0.40) 1. 41只/对。通过与历史资料对比, 初步分析了近年来在本地区繁殖的企鹅数量与种群结构的变化趋势及其与气候、环境、人类活动的关系。

【Abstract】During the period of 2006/07 Antarctic summer, species population, distribution and reproductive behavior of the penguins in the areas of the GreatWall Station were investigated. Five species of the penguin were recorded, Gentoo penguin (P. papua ), A delie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) , Chinstrap penguin (P. antarctica ), King penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) and Emperor penguin (A. forsteri). The first three species bred locally, while the other two species were met occasionally. Ardley Island was one of the most important breeding areas for penguins, after the breeding season o f 2006 /2007, there were totally about 17234 penguins with the breeding success rate between 0. 40) 1. 41. Compared with the historical data, the changes of the penguin population and species distribution were analyzed, and also the irrelationships with the environment, climate change and human activities.

【基金/项目】 国家自然科学基金(40876104D0611)资助

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