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南极特别保护区的现状与展望

【标题】南极特别保护区的现状与展望

【Title】REVIEW OF THE STATUS, FEATURE AND PROSPECT OF ANTARCTIC SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREAS

【作者】 凌晓良; 陈丹红; 张侠; 龙威; 张洁; 刘科峰

【Author】 Chen Danhong ; Zhang Xia ; Long Wei ; Zhang Jie ; Liu Kefeng

【期刊】极地研究

【Journal】

【期刊年份】2008

【卷】20

【期】

【关键词】 南极特别保护区; 管理计划; 价值

【Keywords】

【摘要】通过梳理南极条约协商会议(ATCM)形成的相关文件,概述了南极特别保护区设立的发展和南极特别保护区管理计划(草案)的编写与批准流程。对已批准设立的67个南极特别保护区进行统计分析发现,目前保护区总面积超过2700平方千米,分别由13个南极条约协商国提请设立,其中,美国、英国、澳大利亚、新西兰、智利等国提出的占绝大多数;1966年和1985年为保护区设立的两个高峰年份。这些保护区主要以动植物、动植物栖息地或者生态系统为保护内容、以科学价值为保护目标。此外,简要地分析保护区建设的现状、问题和未来发展,介绍我国的南极特别保护区申报工作。

【Abstract】The development of Antarctic specially protected areas(ASPAs), the process and requirement of the drafting, reviewing and ratifying the management plan for the ASPAs are reviewed briefly with reference to the related ATCMs documents. Sixty seven ASPAs have already been designated by Antarctic treaty consultative parties, with the total area of 2700 km2. And these ASPAs are proposed by 13 Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties, mainly including America,United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia and Chile. 1996 and 1985 are the peak years for the designation of ASPAs. In the majority of these ASPAs, Antarctic fauna and flora and their habitants, colonies or ecological systems are protected with their great scientific research values. Besides, the status and prospect of ASPAs are analyzed. And the China's first proposed Antarctic specially protected area in Mount Harding, the Grove mountains and its draft of management plan are introduced.

【基金/项目】

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