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地理信息系统在南极考察和研究中的应用

【标题】地理信息系统在南极考察和研究中的应用

【Title】APPLICATION OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM(GIS) FOR ANTARCTIC EXPEDITION AND RESEARCH

【作者】 温家洪; 王清华; 吴健平

【Author】 Wen Jiahong ; Wang Qinghua ;

【期刊】极地研究

【Journal】

【期刊年份】2001

【卷】13

【期】

【关键词】 地理信息系统; 大地测量和地理信息工作组; 南极

【Keywords】

【摘要】GIS在南极的应用包括空间数据采集和管理、测绘和制图、科学研究、环境保护、后勤管理和决策等各个方面。 SCAR的大地测量和地理信息工作组 (WG- GGI)每两年推出一批 GIS方面的国际合作项目 ,其中南极数字数据库 (ADD)、南极地理数据集成 (AGDI)、乔治王岛 GIS(KGIS)、空间数据标准等 GIS项目已取得显著成果 ,在南极研究领域产生了广泛的影响。本文介绍了国际上在南极开展的大量 GIS应用研究 ,为我国今后在该领域开展工作提供了参考与借鉴

【Abstract】In recent 10 years, Geographic Information System (GIS) was applied more and more widely in Antarctic expedition and research since most of data collected and analyzed by the scientists and logistician is spatial. GIS Application in Antarctica includes various aspects such as spatial data collection, display and maintenance, scientific research, environmental evaluation, logistic management, and decision-making. Large international GIS projects usually developed by the Working Group on Geodesy and Geographic Information (WG-GGI) of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) are presented every two years. Some projects, such as Antarctic Digital Database (ADD), Antarctic Geographic Data Integration (AGDI), King George Island GIS (KGIS), Spatial Data Standards, have achieved considerable success, exerted a widespread influence in Antarctic research field. In addition, a lot GIS programs have been developed and conducted by the major Antarctic expedition countries, which will provide reference for our Antarctic GIS work in future.

【基金/项目】

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